Creative art studio

Ruslano


Unique works with quartz jewelry enamel

The Byzantine Empire created iconographic images in the cloisonne technique in the XI century.
1,000 years later, the art studio Ruslano revives the creation of icons in this unique technology, improves it and brings new effects and sizes.

The presented icons are created in the single copy, and because of the peculiarities of the technology the copying is impossible.

That icons are not subject to water, sunlight, precipitation, temperature extremes.
We provide the ordering of any other icon in accordance with our client`s wishes.
Icons are created with the blessing of the Archbishop of the Orthodox Church.


Enamel.

Enamel - a quartz glass of special composition capable of melt at high temperatures and is firmly connected to the top metal layer to which it is applied.

Enamels have the same over the years, with vivid colors, deep colors transparent, high hardness, gloss or matt, expressive texture. His beauty enamel remain for thousands of years, not afraid of moisture, or sunlight. "If durable bronze sculpture, the painting enamel is eternal," says Leonardo da Vinci.

Enamel art is based on the creation of works of art with a creative and diverse compounds using multivariate crushed in the enamel powder with the metal surface at temperatures up to 845°C (1555°F). Since, when the metal is already glowing, glass melts, and, after cooling, forms a strong bond enamel and metal.

Enamel is composed largely of quartz, and is colored in a color different metal compounds. For example, blue enamel gives cobalt, dark green brings chrome, light green - neodymium and ruby red - gold. In the jewelry and artistic practice, the enamel is combined with pure copper and its alloys (bronze, red brass), high-grade silver and gold.

  • Enamel in pieces

  • Мирный

    Closonne

  • Мирный

    Enamel put

  • First firing

  • Work result


A bit of history.

Art enamel comes from the depth of centuries. According to historians, about 3,000 years ago in the Middle East were the first decorations with colored enamels. Works with cloisonné enamel were probably in the VIII century.

Special development of this technology has reached in the Byzantine Empire and from there spread to the Caucasus, Europe, China. Thin partition wizard create extraordinary images on metal, filling the space with colored enamels.
These medallions with Greek inscriptions identifying the images are among the finest examples of the enameler's art XIth centuries. The medallions may have been sent as a gift from the Byzantine court to the neighboring Christian state of Georgia. They are now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.

  • The Virgin Mary


    Byzantine cloisonne,
    XIth century

  • Мирный

    Jesus Christ


    Byzantine cloisonne,
    XIth century

  • Мирный

    John the Baptist


    Byzantine cloisonne,
    XIth century

The Russian enamel came in X-XII centuries of the Byzantine Empire, and until the middle of the XIX century was called "finift". The heyday of enamel art in our country came in the period from 1880 to 1915. At this time several dozen workshops operate efficiently, a lot of work with enamels, among which the best known shops Faberge, F. Ruckert, P. Ovchinnikov, G. Klingert, I. Khlebnikov, M. Semenova, A. Kuzmichev, V. Agafonov et al. Created in this period of Russian enamel artists works of art are still in demand worldwide. Can be seen at auction Christie's and Sotheby's or, for example, antique dealers.


  • Bracelet


    Byzantium,
    IX-X century

  • Vase


    China,
    1426-35 y.

  • Case for the manuscript

    Europe,
    the beginning of the XI century

  • Caddy


    Russia,
    beginning of XX century


Techniques of enamel art.

Basic techniques of enamel: cloisonne, stained glass, notched enamel in relief, painted (scenic), sgraffito. All of these techniques are clearly expressed in the work can be combined.

Cloisonne. It is applied to a metal substrate produced by the contour of the image, and then set the contour of the baffle wire. The limited-wire cell, laid enamel powder, the product is baked in an oven to melt the enamel. This process can be repeated several times, depending on the objectives of the artist.

Plique-a-jour. Partitions are conceived on the drawing, but without the metal base, the "bottom". In the space between the cell partitions laid enamel, baked in the oven and again laid enamel, fired, and so on until the complete filling of the cells.

Champleve. The metal base is made in accordance with the recess pattern conceived. These recesses laid enamel and fired in a kiln.

Basse-taille. Overall, the core technique is to create the embossed pattern in the metal, and then it is fully or partially filled with enamel, followed by firing. Relief can be created using the tool, giloshirovochnnogo machine, stamping or casting.

Ronde Bosse. This three-dimensional enamel is applied to the high-relief, sculpture.

Email-peint. On a metal substrate, a layer of enamel, and then brush the artist paints a picture of enamel paints, producing several successive firings.

Sgraffito. A metal substrate, a layer of enamel powder which is then scratched suitable to create a drawing pen circuit. After baking enamel and applied others may also scratched or scraped depending on the artist purposes. Followed by firing is fixed to create paintings.

For all techniques important to observe temperature and time regimes, purity and accuracy in the preparation of metal, enamel and carrying out all work.